How To Use A Screw Extractor

what you'll need:
Time needed: 20 minutes

  • a broken bolt that you can access easily from at least one side
  • a power drill
  • a normal drill bit of slightly less diameter than the broken bolt
  • a screw extractor bit that corresponds with your normal drill bit
  • a tap wrench

Oops. It's always that last bolt, isn't it? You're finally done with your project, and are just putting that last bolt back together....your mind wanders, thinking about how -- at last! -- you'll be out riding instead of wrenching the stupid bike, when... SNAP! Your bolt snaps right in two, right down inside where you can't pull it back out. But don't worry, as long as you can get to one flat side of the bolt, you can get it out in very short time with a screw extractor.

A screw extractor is actually two different parts working together: a screw extractor bit and a tap wrench. Screw extractor bits look like normal drill bits, except that they're roughly pyramid-shaped -- the tips are pointy, and they flare wider towards the base. The base has a square protuberance, which fits into the tap wrench. The interesting part about the screw

extractor bit is that the threads on them run "backwards", or counterclockwise (drill bit threads run clockwise). You'll you use a normal drill bit to drill a hole in the bolt, and the push the corresponding screw extractor bit in -- the counterclockwise action used to screw the extractor bit into the hole will be the same counterclockwise action normally used to remove a bolt.

Here's a picture of the drill/extractor bits kit that I have. It includes five drill bits, and the corresponding five screw extractors. The drill bits are on the left side of the case; the screw extractors on the right.

Every report I've read about screw extractors says to use a tap wrench with the extractor bit, and not a normal wrench/spanner/grips etc... Apparently the extractor bits are easily broken when using a normal wrench -- I don't know for sure, because I didn't risk it, but I pass on the warning. The tap wrench worked perfectly for me; I bought one with a T-handle, which adjusts to hold very small bits all the way up to 1/2" bits (you'll want to compare the measurements on the extractor box with those on the tap wrench box). The end looks sort of like a drill chuck; you just slide your extractor bit in and turn a little collar to tighten it. That's all.

Before You Start:
Look at your broken bolt and determine what size drill bit to use. You want one that will take up most of the inner diameter of your bolt, without damaging any of the metal housing surrounding the bolt. Then, pick out the corresponding screw extractor bit. If you get a kit, like the one pictured above, it's very easy to tell which bits go together; there's a one-to-one correspondence within the kit. If you already have drill bits, and are buying just one extractor bit, make a note of the drill bit diameter. The extractor bit's box should say which drill bit it'll work with. Make sure you get the right one, because you really don't want the extractor bit breaking off inside the broken bolt. Also make sure that your tap wrench will hold the size of extractor bit that you need. Again, compare the measurements on the boxes.

Lets Get Started:
The first thing to do once your tools are assembled is to prepare the work space. Drills will produce little metal shavings, so if your bolt kindly broke off in an area of your bike which is sensitive to little metal shavings, you'll want to make a little surgical

covering for it. The Nighthawk's broken bolt was one of the cylinder head cover bolts, so I had to remove the cover to get to the broken bolt. That meant we were drilling right next to exposed valves and camshafts. We taped a few layers of duct tape over the end of the cylinder head (cutting a hole for the bolt), and attached a folded-over paper towel to catch any stray shavings.

Now you're ready to drill. Put on your happy eye protection, attach the correct size drill bit, line it up smack dab in the centre of that stuck bolt, and drill. You don't need to drill all the way through the bolt; halfway through or less should suffice. Remember that you don't want to damage any non-bolt part of the bike, so it's much better to drill too little at first and then go back and drill more than it is to be over-enthusiastic and break something. If you're in a metal shavings sensitive area, you might find it helpful to have a friend hold the tube end of a vacuum cleaner nearby to suck away stray fillings while you're drilling.

Once your hole is drilled, attach the corresponding screw extractor bit into your tap wrench. Simply insert the tip of the extractor bit into the hole that you just drilled, and turn counterclockwise. Since the threads are reversed on the extractor bit, turning it counterclockwise will tighten the bit into the hole in the bolt. The tapering on the bit means that it will eventually fit snugly within the broken bolt, at which point, turning the bit counterclockwise will force the bolt to turn counterclockwise as well. As we know with bolts, it's "right to tighten, and left to loosen", and turning a bolt counterclockwise will remove it.
The bolt should now come out, and you're as happy as a pig in shit.
Now you can go re-order that stupid bike-specific bolt for ten quid from the local dealer (and probably wait another two weeks while the ship it from some obscure country :-) )